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Tribes In Nasarawa State


Tribes In Nasarawa State

Nasarawa state is a state located in the North Central part of Nigeria. It was created from Plateau state on 1st October 1996. 

The state is made up of 13 Local Government Areas with about 29 languages spoken in the state as first languages but the common language spoken in the state is Hausa. 

The main occupation of the people of the state is farming. They produce food crops such as Yam, Melon (Egusi), Salt, Cassava, Rice, Maize, etc.

Here is the list of the major tribes found in Nasarawa state with where they are found and their population.


The Eggon people are located in Lafia, Keffi, Akwanga and Nasarawa Eggon LGAs of Nasarawa state. The Eggon tribe is believed to have started in Ngazargamu situated in Borno state before they finally settled down in the Eggon Hills. They are also found in some villages around Wamba, Keena , and Doma. 

The Eggon people are known as hill people because they live in hills. The population of the Eggon people is estimated to be 249,000 people.


The Alago people are said to originate from the Jukun kingdom as far back as 800AD. They are the major occupants of Keana, Obi and Doma LGAs of Nasarawa state.

 The history of the Alago people cannot be complete without the mention of Akyana Adi. He was the Alago nation leader who helped them find their way out of the Jukun kingdom to their present location. 

They practice both the Christian and Islamic religions while a very small number of them still practice traditional religion. The Alago people are estimated to be about 55,000 native speakers.


The kanuri tribe is a large tribe that can be found in different parts of the Northern regions of Nigeria. The Kanuri people are mostly found in Borno state and some parts of Niger and Nasarawa states.

The Kanuri people are believed to be part of the descendants of the Sao people. Kanuri people are mostly Muslims. The Kunaris engage in farming and some of them engage in buying and selling of Arabic gum.


Many tribes in the North-central part of Nigeria are believed to originate from the Jukun tribe. The Jukun people can be found in Taraba, Benue, Gombe, Adamawa and Nasarawa states. 

Before the coming of Christianity and Islamic religion, the Jukun people practice their own traditional beliefs. The Jukun tribe is divided into two groups which includes Jukun Wapa and Jukun Wanu.

The Jukun people trace their root and origin to the rulers of Kwararafa kingdom. There are about 900,000 to 1 million Jukun people across the country.


The Rindre people are also known and called Nungu. They are located in Agwan Nungu Lafia, Gidan Mai Akuya and Awuma in Lafia LGA of Nasarawa state. 

There is no clear story about the origin of the Rindre people but some groups link the origin of the Rindre people to the Kwararafa kingdom base on some archeological findings that were recently excavated in Wamba.

The total population of the Rindre people cannot be gotten because most of them that have migrated to other parts of the country change their identity so that they can fit to their new environments.


Most Eloyi people traditionally live in the rocky hills of Nazarawa state. Others are also scattered in different parts of Benue state. 

One of the practices of the people is weaving and dying. When compared with other tribes of the Benue Valley, the Eloyi people are the most economically advanced tribe. Most of the people of this tribe practice their traditional beliefs. 

The father of the village is referred to as Gado. He is in charge of planting and harvest rites in the village. The Eloyi people are estimated to be about 48,000.

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