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Requirements for building a house in Nigeria

Requirements for building a house in Nigeria

When you build your own house, it has a way of reducing stress and pressure from your life. Majority of our monthly expenses as Nigerians go into rent. 

Building a house in a country like ours seems like a dream that only the rich can achieve; in a way, it could be true but even if you don’t earn so much, you can build your own house. What you need is a lot of discipline to save money, a very good plan, and get the right people to do the work for you.

You also need patience so that you can know when it is the right time to start building your own house so that you do not start what you cannot finish. Access to the right information is very crucial to ensure that you are doing the right thing and nobody will cheat or take a ride on you.

 The aim of this article is for you to know the requirements for building a house in Nigeria and how much it cost so that you will be aware of how much you will budget when you have made up your mind to build a house in Nigeria.

You should note that the price of building materials vary from place to place and from time to time but we try as much as possible to give you an estimation of how much you should expect for each material. This shouldn’t stop you from going out and making your own research but with this information, you will have an idea of what to expect.

PLAN ADEQUATELY

This is the first and important step you need to take. Funny enough this is the step that will cost you almost nothing but it is a step that you cannot neglect if you wish to build the house successfully. 

GET A LAND

The next step you need to take after thorough and adequate planning is to get a suitable land.  It is advisable to involve a lawyer in the process of buying the land to avoid issues of scam or unnecessary problems.

The prices of lands vary depending on where the land is located. Lands located at the outskirts of the city are cheaper than those in the central part of the city or busy areas. Lands located at the outskirts of the city can cost about N250,000 to N400,000. You can also get lands for an even lesser amount but it depends on how remote the location of the land is.

However, you will need to budget above N2 Million to get land in the city. To make you understand more, let us look at the prices of lands in some areas in Nigeria

You can get a good 300 sqm land for about N2.5 million in Lugbe district in Abuja while a commercial land in Garki, Abuja is sold for N200 million. Similarly, 600 sqm land is sold for N3 million in Ibeju Lekki in Lagos state while a residential land in Ajah costs N16 million. 

In all, the important thing is to know how much you have so that you can buy land within your budget. 

ENGAGE PROFESSIONALS 

It is strongly recommended that you work with professionals in drafting your building plan and in the construction process of the building. You stand to gain when you engage professionals in the building process of your house. This way, you are sure of a good job at the end of the day.

You can engage the service of an architect to design the building plan for you. You can get a good architect for as low as N50,000 to N100,000. There are architects that are paid in millions for their services.

You should also contact a certified contractor for your building construction. The amount of contractors collect vary depending on if they will supply the laborers and materials. In case, they are just to supervise, you can budget about N100,000 to N300,000 for them. The standard wage for a labourer is N2,000 daily.

BEGIN THE CONSTRUCTION WORK PROPER

This is the stage where you would be spending most of your budget.  Proper planning in this stage is very important so that you do not spend more than you have budgeted. Here you will get an idea of how much it will cost you to buy the materials you need and how much it will cost you to get the work done.

Cost of foundation

One of the most important parts of the building is the Foundation. For the foundation, we are going to list out the materials you need and their estimated cost. 

The cost of 20 tons tipper of granite is about N60,000

The cost of 20 tons tipper of sharp sand is about N20,000

The cost of a 50kg bag of Dangote cement is 2,500 to N2,800

The cost of a 9” block is 150 Naira while a 6” vibrated block is sold for about N130

Then you pay for labour.

The number of 20 tons tipper of granite or sharp sand will be determined by the contractor and how you want the foundation to be. 

Cost of the structure work

The cost of the structure is determined by how you want the structure to be and whether the structure will be a simple or complex one. These are some materials you will need for the structure work and their estimated cost.

25 mm steel rod (1 piece) costs about N4,500 to N4,800

3-inch Concrete nails are sold for N10 each or N1000 for a pack

1 roll of flexible binding wire costs about N46,000

2 by 2 hardwood is sold for N200 each while 2 by 4 is sold for N 400

2 by 4 by 12 softwood is sold for N250 while 2 by 3 by 12 softwood is sold for N150

1 sheet of ½ plywood is sold for N2,500 while  I sheet of ¾ plywood is sold for N400

8 by 9 wall tiles are sold for N550 per piece

30 by 30 pack ceramics tiles are sold for N1,400

Below are also the costs of different windows and doors type you can choose from.

Casement windows

600 by 600 mm Aluminum-covered costs about  N7,000 to N8,000

600 by 600 mm Bronze-glazed costs about  N7,000 to N8,000

600 by 750 mm bronze-glazed costs about N9,000 to N10,500.

 Sliding windows

600 by 600 mm Aluminum-covered costs about  N4,000 to N5,500

600 by 600 mm Bronze-glazed costs about  N7,000 to N8,000

600 by 750 mm bronze-glazed costs about N7,000 to N8,000.

Fixed windows

600 by 600 mm Aluminum-covered costs about  N3,500 to N5,000

600 by 600 mm Bronze-glazed costs about  N6,500 to N8,000

600 by 750 mm bronze-glazed costs about N7,000 to N8,000.

Louvre windows

750 by 750 mm louvre window costs about  N1,800

1500 by 1200 mm louvre window costs about  N8,000

1800 by 1200 mm louvre window costs about N10,000.

Doors

Flush plywood low-density door is sold for N5,000 to N6,000

Flush plywood high-density door is sold for N9,000 to N11, 000

Metal security single door is sold for N20,000 to N25,000

Metal security double door is sold for N25,000 – N35,000

Imported single door (from a Chinese supplier) is sold for N12,000 to N18,000

Imported double door (from a Chinese supplier) is sold for N30,000 to N40,000

Imported door from Turkey is sold for N25,000 to N30,000

Imported security double door is sold for N50,000 to N60,000

Domestic furniture doors is sold for N6,000 to N8,000

Cost for roofing work

This is the next stage after the structure work is done

The cost of roof truss is about N450,000 including workmanship

Ceiling is about N200,000 depending on the type used

0.45 Aluminium roofing sheet costs about  N1,550 to N1,700

0.90 Aluminium roofing sheet costs about N2,700 to N3,100.

Cost for the finishing work

This is the last stage. Once you get to this stage, you can breathe a little air because you know that your work is almost done.

Plastering will cost you about N300,000 ( it includes cement, sand, and labour).

Plumbing work should cost you about N100,000

Electrical work should cost about N170,000 (including all the materials needed)

Painting should cost about N150,000

Floorwork should cost about N150,000 depending on if you wish to use tiles or not.

CONCLUSION

In all, it is expected that you make your own research to determine the current price of building materials at the time you wish to start building your own house. This list should act as a guide for you to have an idea of how much these things cost.


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